Forklift -‐ Three Points of Contact Safety
Slips, trips, and falls account for 20 percent of work injuries. This totals 13 million injuries per year. Climbing into and out of mobile equipment presents a common exposure to slips and falls. Inclement weather, greasy or broken steps, grab handles, and the rush of the workday make this a serious exposure.
The three-point contact technique is a simple and effective way to minimize the risk of falling. Use this technique if you are entering the cab of a forklift, climbing onto the bed of a truck, or climbing into/onto any other piece of equipment. When you are climbing, at least three limbs should always be in contact with the equipment. This could be two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand. Of course, to use this technique the climber must be facing the equipment. You cannot have three points of contact if you are jumping off or sliding out of the seat.
Before you enter the equipment, place any objects on the seat, e.g., log books, production schedules, bar-code scanners, etc. Do the same when you exit. Leave the objects on the seat until you are off the equipment. In addition, make sure you look before you exit.
Other points to remember, include:
Wear footwear appropriate to the job;
Keep the steps and grab rails clean;
Make sure the lights are working so you can see where you are climbing; and
- Do not use the steering wheel or control handles as handholds.
Most slip and fall injuries are minor. However, 15,000 people die each year as a result of these incidents. Old habits are hard to break, but properly climbing onto and off of mobile equipment may prevent you from becoming a slip and fall statistic.
Open the Door to Safety: Awareness is the Key!
Download flyer: SMOTW_32_ForkliftThreePointofContact.pdf (97.37 kb)